Portland State University assesses undergraduate student learning and engagement related to the eight Undergraduate Campus-Wide Learning Outcomes: Communication; Creative and Critical Thinking; Disciplinary and/or Professional Expertise; Diversity; Engagement; Ethics and Social Responsibility; Internationalization; and Sustainability through a variety of activities. Assessment of student learning and engagement occurs at classroom, departmental and institutional levels and results are used to improve teaching and learning, program structure, course content, and the overall student experience at Portland State University.  For example, students may be asked to participate in or submit samples of standardized tests, placement tests, surveys, portfolios of student work, group or individual interviews, or classroom research. Incoming students to PSU may be required to take a writing assessment and, based on the results of that assessment, take an assigned writing course.